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Spatial statistics

Queensland is generally located between 10° & 29° S latitude and 138° & 154° E longitude .

Queensland Australia World
What's the area?
Area 1,723,800 km[1] 7,659,861 km2 World land area 148,940,000 km2 [2]

World water area 361,132,000 km2 [2]

Area of islands 6,712 km2 32,163 km2
Marine area [3] 121,994 km2 410,977 km2
Geographical centre 22°29'13" S 144° 25' 54" E 17km NW Muttaburra 24°15'00" S 133°25' 00" E [4] 80km SW Alice Springs, NT
Largest inland water body Lake Dalrymple 220 km2 Lake Eyre 9,690 km2 Caspian Sea 370,886 km2
Largest island Fraser Island  [5] 1,653 km2 Melville Island [6] 5,786 km2 Greenland [2] [7] 2,166,086 km2
How long?
Length of coastline [8] 6,973 km 35,877 km
Length of coastline (including islands) 13,347 km 59,736 km 356,000 km [2]
Length of land borders 3,339 km 0 km [9] 251,060 km [2]
Longest river Flinders River 1,004 km Murray River 2,508 km Nile River 6,690 km [10]
How high?
Highest mountain Bartle Frere (South Peak) 1,622m Mount Kosciuszko [11] 2,228m Mount Everest [12] 8,850m
Highest town Ravenshoe 930m Perisher Valley 1,740m Wenzhuan, Tibet [13] 5,099m
Tallest waterfall Wallaman Falls 305m Wallaman Falls 305m Angel Falls (Kerepakupai Merú), Venezuela  [14] 979m
Highest recorded temperature 49.5°C Birdsville 1972 [15] 50.7°C Oodnadatta 1960 [16] 56.7°C  Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California  1922 [17]
Highest median annual rainfall 7,950mm Bellenden Ker 7,950mm Bellenden Ker 11,680mm Mt Waialeale, Hawaii [18]
Highest rainfall in a year 12,461mm Bellenden Ker 2000 12,461mm Bellenden Ker 2000 26,461mm Cherrapunji, India [18]
Highest recorded rainfall in 24 hours 907mm Crohamhurst 3 February 1893 907mm Crohamhurst 3 February 1893 1,825mm Fac Fac, La Reunion Island [18]
How many?

At 2011 Census:

There were 4,332,739 persons usually resident in Queensland – 49.6% were males and 50.4% were females.

There were 21,507,717 persons usually resident in Australia – 49.4% were males and 50.6% were females.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics – 2011 Census

The estimated population of Queensland at end June 2014 was 4,749,651
Source: Government Statistician (Qld)

The estimated population of Australia at 22 September 2014 was 23,606,411
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Comparisons (Estimated mid 2014)

  • China 1,364,072,000
  • Indonesia 251,452,000
  • United Kingdom 64,542,000
  • New Zealand 4,292,000
  • Papua New Guinea 7,571,000
  • South Africa 53,699,000
  • India 1,296,245,000

Source: Population Reference Bureau

At 11 September 2014, the estimated population of the United States was 318,856,000 and the World was 7,191,298,000 Source: United States Census Bureau


[1] Source: Department of Natural Resources and Mines

The area of Queensland includes islands and is based on the GEODATA 100K Coastline database, 2004. Albers Equal Area projection was used to calculate areas:

False Easting: 0.000000, False Northing: 0.000000

Central Meridian: 146.000000, Standard Parallel_1: -12.00000,

Standard Parallel_2: -26.00000, Latitude of Origin: 0.000000

The Geoscience area figures are based on the GEODATA 100K Coastline database, 1993. Albers Equal Area projection was used to calculate areas - Standard Parallels: 18 & 36 degrees south and Central Meridian: 132 degrees east on the Australian Spheroid.

The adjacent area of Queensland is determined under the Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1967. Figures include water area around Torres Strait Islands and reef islands but not Coral Sea Islands.

[2] Source: The World Factbook

[3] The marine areas are referred to as coastal waters. This is a belt of water between the territorial sea baseline (usually the low water line along the coast) and a line three nautical miles (5.5kms) seaward of the baseline.

[4] The median point was calculated as the midpoint between the extremes of latitude and longitude of the continent.

[5] Fraser Island is also the world's largest sand island.

[6] Not including Tasmania

[7] Australia at 7,659,861km2 is considered to be a continental landmass. However, it is also referred to as the 'The Island Continent'. Antarctica at 14,000,000 km2 is also considered to be a continent.

[8] Source: COAST 100K Coastline and State Borders database, 1993 and Geoscience Australia GEODATA TOPO-250K database.

The length measurement of coastlines is approximate only. It depends on how finely the curves and inlets of the coasts are measured and where the actual coastline is measured (e.g. high water/low water). A coastline is known as a Fractal object. Coastlines are very irregular so as the scale of measurement decreases, the estimated length increases without limit.

[9] Not including Australian Antarctic Territory

[10] Source: infoplease: The Top Ten

[11] The highest point on Australian Territory is McClintock (3,490m) in the Australian Antarctic Territory.

[12] Source:

Mauna Kea in Hawaii is the world's tallest mountain from base to peak. Its base is on the sea floor and it rises 10,314 m in total, reaching 4,205 m above sea level.

Furthest point from the centre of the Earth is the peak of the volcano Chimborazo in Ecuador at 6,267 m - this because of its location near the equator.

[13] According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the highest town in the world is Wenzhuan, which was founded in 1955 on the Qinghai-Tibet road. Source:

[14] Source:

[15] Source:

[16] The highest maximum temperature observed in Australia is 53.1°C (128°F) at Cloncurry on 16 January 1889, but is not considered as a reliable measure.

Source: Terwin B. Australian meteorological magazine. Vol 46, no.4, December 1997. pp 251-56. Bureau of Meteorology Library

[17] Source: Geography

[18] Source:

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Last updated: 13 September 2016

The Department of Natural Resources and Mines is an economic development agency that enables the productive and responsible use of our natural resources – water, land, mineral and energy resources – to generate wealth and prosperity for current and future generations of Queenslanders.

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